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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation:

Basic Life Support (BLS):

The following Basic Life Support Sequence is based on the document 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations (CoSTR), which was published in October 2010. Basic life support refers to maintaining airway patency and supporting breathing and the circulation. These guidelines are due for review in 2015


Once cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has started, it is now recommended that the rescuer should only stop CPR if the victim shows signs of regaining consciousness, such as coughing, opening his eyes, speaking, or moving purposefully, as well as breathing normally.

                                                                        Video Demonstration of CPR Basics

CPR Statistics                                 

IF YOU ARE NOT TRAINED OR ARE UNWILLING TO GIVE RESCUE BREATHS THEN GIVE COMPRESSIONS ONLY


BLS ALGORITHM


UPON DISCOVERY Make sure the victim, bystanders and yourself are safe
UNRESPONSIVE? Check victim for responsiveness
Gently shake and ask 'are you ok?'
If he responds: Do not move him (unless unsafe) and get help if needed
SHOUT FOR HELP If no response: Shout for Help
Turn victim onto his back
OPEN AIRWAY Place hand on forehead and tilt head back gently
With fingertips under chin, lift chin to open mouth/airway
NOT BREATHING NORMALLY? Keeping the airway open; look, listen & feel for no longer than 10 seconds.
Look for chest movement
Listen for victim breathing at his mouth
Feel for air on your cheek
CALL EMERGENCY SERVICES
(999 OR 112)
If he is breathing normally:
Turn him onto his side (recovery position), summon Professional help.
Only leave victim if there is no other way to summon help.
If he is not breathing normally:
Summon Professional help.
Only leave the victim if there is no other way to summon help
Start compressions /and rescue breaths
30 CHEST COMPRESSIONS Start chest compressions: Kneel beside the victim
Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the victim's chest (lower sternum)
Place the heel of other hand on top of the first
Interlock fingers (do not apply pressure to abdomen or end of sternum)
Position yourself vertically above the victim and, with arms straight, press down 5-6cm
After compression release pressure without losing contact with the chest
Repeat at about 100-120 times per minute
2 RESCUE BREATHS
30 CHEST COMPRESSIONS
After 30 compressions open airway with head tilt/chin lift
Pinch the victim's nose and allow mouth to open
Take a normal breath then place your lips around victim's mouth
Blow steadily (1 second), looking for victim's chest to rise
Maintain head tilt/chin lift and move you mouth away from victim's
Watch victim's chest fall then repeat another breath
REPEAT AS NECESSARY Continue compressions and rescue breaths at a ratio of 30:2
Only stop to check on victim if he shows signs of regaining consciousness,
such as coughing, opening eyes, moving purposely AND starts to breathe normally
OTHERWISE DO NOT INTERRUPT RESUSCITATION


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